WORK

Sept 2013 - Present

AAAS Science and Technology Policy Fellow

Sept 2014 - Present

Washington, DC

US Department of Energy

Wind and Water Power Technologies Office

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Areas of work

wave energy conversion

challenges and prizes

Accomplishments

Technical Lead on the $8 million DOE Wave Energy Prize

Designing a two-year design-build-test prize competition to promote the development of radical wave energy converters (WECs) and establish strong pathways to reduce the cost of electricity generated by WECs

Sept 2013 - Aug. 2014

Washington, DC

US Environmental Protection Agency

Innovation Team, Office of Research and Development

Areas of work

climate change resilience

air pollution sensors and community science

challenges and prizes

Accomplishments

Co-writer of EPA NCER STAR Funding Opportunity EPA-G2014-STAR-K1, Air Pollution Monitoring for Communities

A funding opportunity under the EPA’s Science to Achieve Results program to solicit research on community empowerment through reducing air pollution exposure using low-cost portable air pollution sensors by focusing on how communities and individuals interact with, manage, and network air pollution sensor data.

Sponsor of two challenges in 2014 NASA International Space Apps Challenge

Cool It!: A challenge to bring together hardware builders, coders, engineers, social scientists, teachers, and community members. Promoted the creation of sensor kits to measure temperature and relative humidity in real time; real-time micronets of sensor kits and use the data generated to understand local environmental conditions; and community education modules about the urban heat island effect, weather, and climate.

Community Visions of Climate Adaptation: Promoted the creation of apps, web interactives, maps, 3D models, or visualizations for actionable community plans about climate adaptation to better enable communities to prepare for weather and climate patterns.

Sept 2012 - Present

Ann Arbor, MI

Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Combustion and Environmental Research Laboratory

Department of Mechanical Engineering

University of Michigan

Areas of research

synergistic effects of fuel blends

homogeneous charge compression ignition engines

ab initio kinetics

Sept 2012 - Present

Washington, DC

Adjunct Lecturer

Department of Sociology and Anthropology

Howard University

Teaching a self-made interdisciplinary (sociology and chemical engineering) course for undergraduate and graduate students: SOCI 144/CHEG 432/CHEG 632: Climate, Energy and Social Justice

RESEARCH INTERESTS

Energy systems for climate change mitigation
Community-based technological development
Climate change adaptation and resilience
Combustion chemistry
Environmental and sustainability ethics
Social and environmental justice
History and philosophy of technology
Urban revitalization and service learning

EDUCATION

University of Michigan, College of Engineering

Jan 2008 - Aug 2012

Ann Arbor, MI

Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering and Sustainability Ethics

G.P.A. 8.42/9.00

Dissertation Title: On the Combustion Chemistry of Biofuels and The Activist Engineer

Advisor: Professor Margaret Wooldridge

Aug 2003 - May 2007

Ann Arbor, MI

B.S.E. in Aerospace Engineering

G.P.A. 3.86/4.00

Summa Cum Laude

RESEARCH EXPERIENCE

Jan 2008 - Present

Ann Arbor, MI

Experimental Investigation of the Combustion Chemical Kinetics of Aviation Fuel and Biofuel Blends

Doctoral Student (Dept. of Aerospace Engineering) + Postdoctoral Fellow (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

University of Michigan

Using chemical kinetic mechanisms to understand how blends of different classes of fuel molecules react in combustion environments to produce chemical kinetic behavior different than individual fuels

Studying the intermediate radical pool developed in fuel blends, and its influence on toxic, particulate, and greenhouse gas emissions using gas chromatography and laser diagnostics

Understanding the performance of advanced internal combustion engine strategies—homogenous charge compression ignition—through fuel kinetics

Experimentally studying the influence of air intake temperature, spark timing and load on spark-assist ignition and consequently on lean HCCI operating limits

Jan 2008 - Present

Ann Arbor, MI

Ethical Considerations of the Use of Biofuels in Aviation in Response to Climate Change + Activist Engineering

Doctoral Student (Dept. of Aerospace Engineering) + Postdoctoral Fellow (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

University of Michigan

Combining the history, philosophy, and ethics of technology and the environment and with interviews of practicing engineers to investigate whether or not socioecological issues like climate change have changed the way engineers think about problem solving and technological development

(Re)introducing the concept of praxis, to understand what it means to be an activist engineer, someone who steps back from their work and tackles the question, What is the real problem? This reevaluation of the problems that engineers deal with can fundamentally change the nature of technologies developed, and raises a radical alternative rarely considered—not "engineering a solution." Activist engineering goes to the heart of the problems with and offers a solution to contemporary engineering practice that results in social injustice and ecological degradation by asking not, Can we do this? but instead, Should this be done?

May 2011 - Aug 2012

Ann Arbor, MI

Social Justice and Environmental Sustainability in Impoverished Urban Contexts

Researcher, Course Developer and Instructor, with graduate students in Geology, Urban Planning, Organizational Theory, Environmental Psychology, and an Urban Planning professor

University of Michigan

Researched how social justice concerns affect environmental outcomes, empowering oppressed neighborhood residents to tackle local concerns

Researched how experiential, service, and immersion learning makes theoretical concepts of sustainability and justice more tangible for students

Aug 2007 - Nov 2007

Belgium

Phase Doppler Particle Analysis of Liquid Jets in Hypersonic Crossflow

von Kármán Institute for Fluid Dynamics

Using Phase Doppler measurements to study atomization of liquid jets injected in Mach 6 flow

June 2007 - Aug 2007

Hampton, VA

Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Earth’s Troposphere

NASA Langley Research Center

Studying the Earth’s lower atmosphere to determine greenhouse gas concentrations based on far-infrared radiation spectra

Jan 2005 - Dec 2005

Ann Arbor, MI

Supernova Acceleration Probe (SNAP)

University of Michigan, Dept. of Physics

SNAP—A next-generation space telescope, which can view both visible and near infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, being built to observe Type 1A supernovae

Determining performance characteristics of focal plane arrays in visible and infrared spectra using Indium-Gallium-Arsenic photodiodes and grating monochromators

Designing casings for filters of charge-couple-devices and spectrometers

CONFERENCE ORGANIZING

June 5 & 6, 2014

Washington, DC

Climate Change Resilience: Governance and Reforms

Sponsored by the Science and Technology Policy Fellowship Program of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Co-organized (with Dr. James Nachbaur, Dr. Elise Lipkowitz, and Dr. Irina Feygina [all AAAS Fellows]) a two-daysummit for 200+ federal, state and local government staff, academics, climate change professionals and activists.

Summit program and session videos at www.resiliencesummit.org/

Sessions included

Arenas for preparedness and resilience action

Current federal efforts

How conflicts are handled today

Enabling and regulating corporate actions

Making water systems more resilient

Lessons from disasters

Benefits and perils of disaster thinking

Should the rules be changed?

Speakers and participants included Gar Alpertovitz • David Orr • David Titley • Michael Dorsey • Harriet Tregoning • The Office of Science and Technology Policy • Greensburg GreenTown • Zurich Re • US EPA • US DOE • Georgetown Climate Center • Columbia Law School, among many others

TEACHING

Spring 2015

Washington, DC

Climate, Energy and Social Justice – Department of Sociology and Anthropology (SOCI 144) + Department of Chemical Engineering (CHEG 432/CHEG 632)

Howard University

Developed and teaching an interdisciplinary class on energy, climate change and social justice for undergraduate and graduate students.

Topics include:

The physics of climate change

Climate justice

Energy justice

Science and technology studies

Climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience

Disasters

Geoengineering

Spring 2014

College Park, MD

Designing Quantitative Solutions for Energy – BioE 110

University of Maryland

Mentored one transitioning veteran in an experimental, online, asynchronous undergraduate course designed to engage students in design thinking around energy

Project focus:

the environmental implications of a sodium sulfur batter backup source for wind energy

Winter 2011

Ann Arbor, MI

Sustainable Neighborhoods: Experiential Learning & Active Engagement in Detroit – Program in the Environment 302/Urban Planning 403

University of Michigan

Co-developed and co-taught with Krista Badiane (Organizational Theory), Paul Coseo (Urban Planning), Laura Sherman (Geology), Laura Smith (Environmental Psychology) and Professor Larissa Larsen (Urban Planning)

Topics covered:

Food systems

Urban agriculture

The built environment

Transportation and social justice in urban planning

The concept and realities of sustainability and social justice in urban environments

Ways communities and neighborhoods can respond to changing environments

Detroit’s history and culture

ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM

Aug 2008 - Aug 2012

Ann Arbor, MI

Student Sustainability Initiative

University of Michigan

Founded and guaranteed long-term funding for a strategically placed student group with institutional memory and the ability to interact directly with university administrators, facilities and operations staff, and faculty

Hired and managed graduate and undergraduate student staff for project management and student organizing

SSI has been integral in, among other things:

The Campus Integrated Assessment in which the University committed $14 million to sustainability efforts setting green building standards for large (>$10 million) construction projects

Instituting zero-waste varsity sporting events

The creation of an office of sustainability and a sustainable position at the administrative level

Educating faculty on how to incorporate sustainability issues into curricula

Building a corps of residence hall advisors that engage freshmen in sustainable behavior

Creating a student-led and student-run $150,000 green revolving fund

2004 - 2007

Ann Arbor, MI

Environmental Issues Commission

Michigan Student Assembly, University of Michigan

Advocated for renewable energy certificate purchasing to offset University of Michigan energy consumption from fossil fuel sources

June 2008

Washington, D.C.

American Meteorological Society Summer Policy Colloquium

American Meteorological Society

Selected and sponsored by the National Science Foundation to participate in a ten-day immersion for scientists and engineers to learn about federal science and technology policy and politics

FELLOWSHIPS & HONORS

Jan 2008 - Dec 2009

Michigan Memorial Phoenix Energy Institute Doctoral Fellow

2004 - 2006

University Honors, Dean’s List, University of Michigan

PUBLICATIONS

Journal

Walton, S.M., Karwat, D.M.A., Teini, P.D., Wooldridge, M.S. (2011) “Speciation studies of methyl butanoate ignition” Fuel, 90, 5, pp 1796-1804

Teini, P.D., Karwat, D.M.A., Atreya, A. (2011) “Observations of nascent soot: Molecular deposition and particle morphology” Combustion and Flame, 150, 10, pp 2045-2055, doi:0.1016/j.combustflame.2011.03.005

Karwat, D.M.A., Wagnon, S.W., Teini, P.D., Wooldridge, M.S. (2011) “On the chemical kinetics of n-butanol—ignition and speciation studies” Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 115, 19, pp 4909-4921, doi:10.1021/jp200905n

Teini, P.D., Karwat, D.M.A., Atreya, A. (2011) “The effect of CO2/H2O on the formation of soot particles in the homogenous environment of a rapid compression facility” Combustion and Flame, 159, 3, pp 1090-1099, doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2011.10.002

Karwat, D.M.A. (2011) “Trash, waste, and time” Kinesis, 38, 2, pp 51-58, ISSN 0023-1568

Karwat, D.M.A., Wagnon, S.W., Wooldridge, M.S., Westbrook, C.K. (2012) “On the combustion chemistry of n-butanol and n-heptane blends” Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 116, 51, pp 12406-12421, doi: 10.1021/jp309358h

Karwat, D.M.A., Wagnon, S.W., Wooldridge, M.S., Westbrook, C.K. (2013) “Low temperature chemical kinetic and speciation studies of n-heptane” Combustion and Flame, 160, 12, pp 2693-2706

Karwat, D.M.A., Sherman, L.S., Smith, L.B., Badiane, K.C., Coseo, P.J., Larsen, L.S. (2013) “A Lesson in Service Learning and Community Engagement” Michigan Journal of Sustainability

Larsen, L.S., Sherman, L.S., Smith, L.B., Karwat, D.M.A., Badiane, K.C., Coseo, P.J. (2014) “Social Justice and Sustainability in Poor Neighborhoods: Service Learning in Southwest Detroit” Journal of Planning Education and Research

Karwat, D.M.A., Eagle, W.E., Wooldridge, M.S., Princen, T.E. (2014) “Activist Engineering: Changing Current Engineering Practice Through Innovative Praxis” Science and Engineering Ethics, doi: 10.1007/s11948-014-9525-0

Wagnon, S.W., Karwat, D.M.A., Wooldridge, M.S., Westbrook, C.K. (2014) “An experimental and modeling study of methyl trans-3-hexenoate autoignition” Energy & Fuels, pp 7227-7234, doi: 10.1021/ef501806s

Karwat, D.M.A., Eagle, W.E., Wooldridge, M.S. (2014) “Are there ecological problems that technology cannot solve? Water scarcity and dams, climate change and biofuels” International Journal of Engineering, Social Justice, and Peace, pp 7-25

Karwat, D.M.A., Wooldridge, M.S., Klippenstein, S.J., Davis, M.J. (2015) “Effects of new ab initio rate coefficients on predictions of species formed during n-butanol ignition and pyrolysis” Journal of Physical Chemistry A

Fatouraie, M., Karwat, D.M.A., Wooldridge, M.S. (submitted) “Understanding HCCI performance through PRF chemical kinetics” Combustion and Flame

Book chapter

Parson, E.A., Karwat, D.M.A. (2011) “Sequential Climate Change Policy” Wiley Interdisciplinary Review, WIREs Climate Change, doi:10.1002/wcc.128

Conference

Zigler, B.T., Walton, S.M., Karwat, D.M.A., Assanis, D., Wooldridge, M.S., Wooldridge, S.T. (2007) “A Multi-Axis Imaging Study of Spark-Assisted Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Phenomena in a Single-Cylinder Research Engine” Proceedings of the 2007 Fall Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division, p 395-405

Walton, S.M., Karwat, D.M.A., Teini, P.D., Wooldridge, M.S. (2009) “Speciation studies of methyl butanoate ignition” 6th Joint Meeting of the U.S. Section of the Combustion Institute, Ann Arbor, MI

Karwat, D.M.A., Wagnon, S.W., Teini, P.D., Lai, J.Y., Wooldridge, M.S., Westbrook, C.K. (2010) “An Experimental and Computational Investigation of n-Dodecane Ignition and Chemical Kinetics” 49th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Orlando, FL

Wagnon, S.W., Karwat, D.M.A., Wooldridge, M.S. (2011) “Chemical Kinetics of an Unsaturated Ester: Methyl Trans-3-hexenoate” 7th Joint Meeting of the U.S. Section of the Combustion Institute, Atlanta, GA, March 20-23

Teini, P.D., Karwat, D.M.A., Atreya, A. (2011) “Molecular realignment during soot particle maturation” 7th Joint Meeting of the U.S. Section of the Combustion Institute, March 20-23

Karwat, D.M.A., Wagnon, S.T., Teini, P.T., Wooldridge, M.S. (2011) “On the chemical kinetics of n-butanol—ignition and speciation studies” 7th Joint Meeting of the U.S. Section of the Combustion Institute, Atlanta, GA, March 20-23

Wagnon, S.W., Karwat, D.M.A., Wooldridge, M.S. (2011) "On the Chemical Kinetics of an Unsaturated C7 Ester: Ignition and Speciation Studies" International Conference on Chemical Kinetics, Cambridge, MA

Karwat, D.M.A., Wagnon, S.W., Wooldridge, M.S., Westbrook, C.K. (2013) “A speciation study of n-heptane chemical kinetics” 8th Joint Meeting of the U.S. Section of the Combustion Institute, Salt Lake City, UT, May 19-22

Karwat, D.M.A., Eagle, W.E., Wooldridge, M.S., Princen, T.E. (2013) “Activist Engineering: Changing Current Engineering Practice Through Innovative Praxis” Engineering Education for Sustainable Development, University of Cambridge, UK, September 22-25

TALKS

“Reimagining Science and Engineering for 21st Century Struggles” at Converge for Climate, New York City (2014)

“Where do we go from here?  SftP 2.0” at Science for the People: The 1970s and Today, University of Massachusetts Amherst (2014)

Presentation video

Script of presentation

Lessen Our Burden On The World—The Power of Individual Action TEDxUofM: Encouraging Crazy Ideas, Michigan Theater, Ann Arbor (2011)

“Ongoing work in the Combustion and Environmental Research Laboratory” at the Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai (2010)

"Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Earth's Troposphere" at NASA Langley Research Center (2007)

MEDIA & WRITINGS

Minimizing Entropy: Thoughts on ecological degradation and sustainability, and what you can do about them, April 2010-August 2014

It’s Hot in Here, WCBN 88.3 FM Ann Arbor

with Merry Walker and Zakiyah Sayyed, Student Sustainability Initiative, 12 October, 2009

individually, 18 April, 2011

Issues of the Environment, WEMU (NPR affiliate) 89.1 FM, 8 June, 2011

University of Michigan student halfway through ‘year without waste’ annarbor.com, 10 October, 2010

Why Trash?The Michigan Daily, 10 November, 2010

University of Michigan Rackham Graduate School blogger, 2011-2012

PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS

The Combustion Institute
American Meteorological Society
American Association for the Advancement of Science
Sigma Gamma Tau, National Aerospace Engineering Honor Society
The Epeians, Engineering Leadership Honor Society

LANGUAGES

Fluent in Hindi, Gujarati, and Marathi; proficient in French

REFERENCES

Contact information available upon request

Dr. Margaret Wooldridge

Arthur F. Thurnau Professor

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Department of Aerospace Engineering

University of Michigan

Jennifer Gustetic

Assistant Director for Open Innovation

Executive Office of the President

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Jay Benforado

Deputy Innovation Officer

Office of Research and Development

US Environmental Protection Agency

Dr. Michael Shriberg

Executive Director

Great Lakes Regional Center

National Wildlife Federation

Dr. Rubin Patterson

Professor and Chair

Department of Sociology and Anthropology

Howard University

Dr. Alison LaBonte

Technology Manager

Wind and Water Power Technologies Office

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

US Department of Energy